First Time Home Buyer Class in MN

MN First Time Home Buyer Classes

Minneapolis / St Paul, MN: Buying your first home can be a fun exciting time. It can also be stressful, especially as there is a lot of misinformation spread from well intended friends, family, and even Real Estate Agents.

When it comes to first time home buyers, they are usually told about special programs for first time buyers, and classes you need to take. The first thing to understand, is most mortgage programs DO NOT REQUIRE a home buyer education class, UNLESS you are getting down payment assistance.

Most people don’t want to take a class unless necessary. Therefore we generally suggest you complete a full Loan Application for review to determine if you need a class. There are never any obligations to review your situation.

Free good faith estimate

The second major thing to know is that IF you DO need to take a class, you need to take the correct class. Almost ALL classes put on by a Real Estate Agent, Bank, Credit Union, or Mortgage Company are really only marketing gimmicks designed to get you introduced to those people, so you hopefully use them as your Real Estate Agent or Loan Officer. These classes DO NOT COUNT and should be avoided.

Here in Minnesota, like most other states, to obtain down payment assistance as a first time home buyer, you ARE REQUIRED to attend a Minnesota state approved 8 hour home buyer education class. This class is mandatory for programs like the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency (MHFA) Start Up loans, Dakota County First Time Home Buyer, City Living, and many other programs where you get assistance.  The class is also required to get reduced monthly mortgage insurance with the HomeReady conventional 3% down payment program

This class can be taken online, or in person at multiple locations across the state. There are different costs for each class ranging from as low as $25 to $75 per household. Only 1 borrower is required to attend.

Minnesota Only

The official required class is a NO PRESSURE, NO OBLIGATION class. No software, books, or anything else to buy. They will teach you about making good decisions in your future home buying experiences, and provide great information about the qualifying process, improving your credit score, and much more. There is no better way to learn about being a First Time Home Buyer in Minnesota than to attend AN APPROVED home buyer education class.

Upon completion of the class, you will received the required completion certificate that you need to give to your Loan Officer.


Why do mortgage lenders need your bank statements?

Why do mortgage lenders need your bank statements?

Minneapolis St Paul, MN: When taking out the largest loan most people will ever have in their life, a home loan, your Mortgage Loan Officer is going to ask a lot of questions, and request a lot of supporting documents, like pay stubs, W2’s, tax returns, and your recent bank statements.

Providing all this documentation really should be pretty easy for most people, yet it also causes a lot of frustration. Most people don’t get pay checks handed to them anymore, just as many people don’t get banks statements mailed to the home either. So here starts some of the annoyance issues right away for some people, while others quickly and easily access the documents online.

Your lender wants actual pay stubs, and actual bank statements, like what would be mailed to the home. Many people send simple screen shots, which simply doesn’t work. Most online accounts let you print real statements and real pay stubs, you just need to look around to find them.

Generally, most mortgage loan programs only require your two most recent bank statements. We also need ALL the statements pages too. If the statement says “Page 1 of 3”, and the last page is just advertising, we still need it.

Underwriters are also looking for lots of other things in your bank statements too, including:

Cash-to-Close

When the mortgage company looks at your bank statements, the most obvious thing they are looking for is do you have the money in the bank to cover your down payment and closing costs, also known as ‘cash-to-close.” Do you have it all today?  What is your average balances?

If your last two months bank statements show $500 balances, but you need $10,000 for down payment, where is it coming from?

Non-Payroll Deposits

Any large, obviously non-payroll deposit needs to be documented. What is it, where did it come from?  Is is a loan that needs to be paid back? Is it a gift? Is it your tax refund?

Large deposits is one of the biggest headaches for both the lender and the applicant, and depending on the answer, can be no big deal, require a little bit of paperwork to prove where it came from, or can actually be a deal killer.

A common problem is many people have large sums of cash at home, then deposit in the bank. As weird as it sound, that cash deposit is NOT an acceptable source of money for your down payment, and needs to be in the bank account at least 60-days before it can be considered usable money for your down payment.

So what is a large deposit?

Most lenders consider a large deposit any non-payroll deposit that is more than 50% of a applicant(s) monthly income for conventional loans, and more that 1% of the purchase price of the home for an FHA loan.

Bouncing Checks?

Yes, we care if you are bouncing checks. It shows how you manage money.

Let’s say your current rent is $1,000 a month, and you consistently bounce checks. Your potential new house payment is $1,400 a month. You can’t manage your account with rent at $1,000 a month, how are you going to be able to handle a $400 increase in your housing costs?

Undisclosed Debt

On the loan application, you are supposed to disclose all recurring debt. The reality is mortgage lenders generally just merge in the debt showing on your credit report. But a sharp eyed Underwriter may catch something on the bank statement and ask a question.

What DON”T we care about?

We don’t care about ATM withdrawals at the casino, and we don’t care about your purchase at the liquor store or Victoria’s Secret. We pretty much don’t care anything about your purchases.

Busy Bank Statements

Busy bank statements is my personal term for people who transfer around money from their various multiple accounts on a regular basis.  This can lead to a lot of headaches in documentation.  I just had a client, where on her bank statement, there was a large deposit. When I asked her where it came from, she said her savings account. Great, now send me the savings account statement.  Once I saw the savings account, there was a large deposit there too. She said that deposit was from a 401k loan.  OK, prove that too.

While she was able to prove and document everything, she also became very annoyed.  I understand, but those are the rules. So if you know you will be buying a home in the next few months, it may be easier to put all the money in one account now to avoid any potential issues with Underwriting.


Minnesota Mortgage Loan Limits for 2018

Minneapolis, MN: Once a year, maximum mortgage loan limits are potentially reset for popular loan programs, including standard conforming loans (Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac), FHA loans, VA loans, etc.

Minnesota, Wisconsin, and South Dakota (the states that I lend in) all have the same maximum conforming loan limit for 2018 of $453,100 for a single family home (higher for multi-unit properties). You can but a more expensive home, but to qualify for these programs, your LOAN AMOUNT must be under this number.

2018 MN, WI, SD Conforming Loan Limits

Loans over this amount are known as jumbo mortgage loan. There is no Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac for jumbo loans, so there are significantly different rules and guidelines for jumbo financing.

VA loans in Minnesota are zero down payment loans up to the same conforming limit of $453,100.  You can but a home with a VA loan over $453,100 – but now you’ll need to have a down payment. Read this information on VA jumbo loan down payments, or I can help you determine your down payment requirements on VA jumbo loans, just contact me at (651) 552-3681.

FHA Loans and USDA loans have different loan amount limits depending on what county you intend to buy the property.  Click here to check current FHA loan limits, and click here to check current USDA loan limits.

A single family home in the Minneapolis / St Paul metro area counties is $356,500 for 2018, but in Stearns county for example, it is only $294,515. Another example would be Dane County Wisconsin, at $299,000. As with conventional loans, all counties have higher limits for duplex, tri-plex, and 4-unit homes.

USDA rural housing loans do not have a house price limit.  Rather, they have an income limit. Click here to review the USDA income limits.